Monday, January 6th, 2014
Infants, children and pregnant women should not drink raw milk or eat products made with raw milk because they can cause illness or death, according to a recent report from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Milk, cheese, yogurt and ice cream that are not pasteurized are considered raw milk products. Two people died and 195 went to the hospital after eating or drinking raw milk products between 1998 and 2009, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Infants and young children are especially at risk for getting sick after eating these products. Pregnant women also are at greater risk of problems such as miscarriage and infection.
People often consume raw milk products because they want unprocessed foods. But research studies have not shown any benefits to drinking raw milk, and products made with unpasteurized milk can be the source of various infections.
Pasteurization is the process of raising the temperature of milk to at least 161 degrees for more than 15-20 seconds, followed by rapid cooling. Pasteurization kills dangerous bacteria and reduces the risk of getting sick. The process first was used in the United States in the 1920s. Before pasteurization, raw milk contributed to a large amount of food-related illness.
Claims linking pasteurized milk to health problems have not been backed up by scientific data, according the report. In addition, strong scientific evidence shows that pasteurized milk is just as nutritious as raw milk.
The sale of raw milk products is legal in 30 states, but shipments between states are not allowed. About 1% to 3% of all dairy products eaten in the United States are not pasteurized.
The Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also recommend against consuming raw milk products.
David B. Roos, M.D., FAAP
© 2014 American Academy of Pediatrics. This Parent Plus may be freely copied and distributed with proper attribution.
Monday, August 19th, 2013
It seems more common place these days for mothers to breast feed their babies, but many new mothers may not be sure whether to breast feed or formula feed their babies. Breast milk has the right mixture of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates for the baby’s growth and development.
Colostrom is the first “milk” produced by the mother. It is secreted in the first 2-4 days after birth. Colostrom provides an ideal nutrient and immunological base to help assure the baby’s transition from intra-uterine life to a non-sterile extra-uterine life. Colostrom contains much more protein and much less fat and lactose compared to mature milk. Colostrom is very rich in beta-carotene, a precursor to vitamin A. Vitamin A is important for the protection against infection and early retinal development. It also contains white blood cells which help to prevent infection in the baby.
The protein content in Colostrom has a large concentration of immunoglobulins, that provide the baby with powerful passive immunization against bacterial and viral infections. Colostrom also provides lactose which prevents hypolglycemia and facilitates the passage of meconium which also aids in the excretion of bilirubin , which helps to resolve the jaundice in the early newborn period.
Colostrom can be considered your baby’s ”first immunization” . By two weeks the breast milk is considered mature.
All in all, breast feeding is very important for the health of the baby and to reduce the occurrence of many illnesses such as diarrheal infections, respiratory infections, reduction of allergies, and the prevention of SIDS.
Submitted by Vona M. Lantz, CPNP
Friday, August 9th, 2013
According to a new study published in the journal-Pediatrics, children who live with dogs or cats their first year of life are sick less frequently than children without pets. Researchers found that these children had fewer runny noses, coughs, and ear infections. This may be attributed to exposure to more dirt and microbes during a child’s first year of life, which can increase more antibody formation and thus increase their immune response to their environment.
If your family has a cat as a pet, or you are thinking of adding a cat to your family, a recent study reported in Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine and Clinical Experimental Allergy found that “early exposure to cats has been found to lower the risk of developing asthma or allergies to cat dander. ” The study shows that the first year of a child’s life is most significant in regard to indoor cat exposure and the development of cat allergies.
Submitted by Vona Lantz, CPNP
Monday, July 8th, 2013
According to U.S. Social Security Administration at http://www.ssa.gov/OACT/babynames/
1. Jacob 1. Sophia
2. Mason 2. Emma
3. Ethan 3. Isabella
4. Noah 4. Olivia
5. William 5. Ava
6. Liam 6. Emily
7. Jayden 7. Abigail
8. Michael 8. Mia
9. Alexander 9. Madison
10. Aiden 10. Elizabeth
Tuesday, May 7th, 2013
If you have been to a well baby appointment recently, you may have filled out the Ages and Stages Questionnaire. This is a routine component of our well child visits that helps us evaluate how your child is developing. It is given at every check-up from 4 months of age until 5 years old.
One goal of a preventative health care visit is to ensure that a child is developing normally. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all young children have a formal developmental screening at each check-up. This screening helps identify subtle delays that may not otherwise be apparent. Early identification of problems allows for immediate intervention and greatly improves the child’s chance of reaching his or her full potential.
If any concern is raised using this standardized screening tool, your child will be referred for further evaluation through the early intervention services in our community.
As parents, you play an important role in the detection of your child’s developmental problems. It is important to bring up any concerns you may have regarding your child’s development with the doctor. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire is simply another tool to help us give your child the best care possible.
Monday, April 29th, 2013
During the infancy period, infants are obligate nose breathers which means they only breathe through their nose and not through their mouth. If an infant has any amount of nasal congestion present, they will have an increased amount of difficulty breathing, especially when feeding.
I’ve just learned about a product available to help with the aspiration of the nasal congestion to help infants have an easier time of breathing. ”The NoseFrida The Snotsucker” is a nasal aspirator that actually works! It is distributed by fridababy.com. It’s doctor invented and recommended. It’s 100% hygenic due to the included filters. It’s been reviewed by Rachel Ray and Parenting Magazine! It’s the number 3 selling baby product on Amazon.com. It’s easy to clean and top-rack safe in the dishwasher. You can purchase it on fridababy.com, amazon.com or at Babies R Us. It sells for $15.00 on fridababy.com, $12.75 or $19.20 with 20 additional filters, on amazon.com and $16.99 at Babies R Us.
Submitted by Vona M. Lantz, CPNP
Thursday, March 28th, 2013
A study by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control) finds that “despite warnings from pediatricians about feeding newborns anything other than breast milk or formula, many mothers appear to be introducing solid foods well before their babies’ bodies can handle it.” A CDC survey of mothers found that “40 percent said they gave their baby solid food before they were 4 months old.” “According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the head and neck control and overall coordination that infants need to safely eat solids doesn’t develop until around 4 months old. In addition, the early introduction of solids may increase the risks of some chronic disorders, such as diabetes, obesity, eczema, and celiac disease.” Additionally, exclusive breast feeding is recommended the first 6 months of life because of numerous health benefits for infants, including reduced risk of respiratory and ear infections, diarrhea, diabetes, obesity, and SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome).
We will discuss your infant’s growth and development and our feeding recommendtions at your infant’s well baby exam.
Submitted by Vona M. Lantz, CPNP
Tuesday, March 19th, 2013
Parents, have you ever found yourself wondering which car safety seat is appropriate for your child? Do you have a child that has recently gone through a growth spurt and you are now questioning if the car seat you own is still adequate? Have you placed your child in the car seat and then into the car to find that he or she must contort themselves into different positions to remain in the car seat?
If you answered yes to any of the above questions, there is help through a new resource. The American Academy of Pediatrics has come up with an app called Car Seat Check. This app allows parents to determine which car seat is best for their child. On the app, parents enter the height, weight and age of the child and are provided with proper car seat recommendations, installation instructions, prices, videos, local car seat instillation technicians and any product recall information.
The app is available for iPhone and iPad. Parents can download the $1.99 app from iTunes at https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/car-seat-check/id584790382?mt=8.
The above information was obtained from the February 2013 AAP News magazine.
Elizabeth S. Wilson, M.D.
Friday, February 15th, 2013
Developing good habits at an early age and scheduling regular dental visits helps children get a good start on a lifetime of healthy teeth and gums.
It is recommended to begin brushing your child’s teeth right at the beginning when they first erupt. You can use a toothpaste with fluoride when you begin to brush the teeth. Apply only a tiny “smear” of toothpaste in the beginning. By age of 2 years old you can use a “pea” size amount.
If your child is drinking from a botlle, remember fluids such as formula, milk, and juices and cause cavities if given in a bottlle for long periods of time. Do not put your child to bed or down for a nap with a bottle. Remember sippy cups can increase the risk of cavities in this same manner if given to your child for long periods of time. Water is the best fluid to give your child for longer periods of time. You want to begin to wean your child from their botlle at 12 months of age.
Healthy snacks such as fresh fruits, crackers, cheese, and yogurt are recommended to support healthy teeth and gums. Snacks such as fruit roll-ups and raisins-”sticky foods” can promote more cavity formation.
Your child should begin regular dental visits before the age of 2 years. However, it is recommended that your child begin their dental visits at their first tooth eruption.
As a parent, be a role model to your children and demonstrate healthy oral hygeine habits. Encourage your older children and adolescents to brush their teeth twice daily and floss regularly.
Submitted by Vona Lantz, CPNP
Wednesday, February 13th, 2013
Infants receive an oral vaccine to prevent rotavirus at 2, 4, and 6 months of age. Rotavirus is a very contagious virus that causes severe diarrhea and vomiting. A new study reported by the journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases finds that vaccinating infants against rotavirus may help protect unvaccinated adults against this highly contagious virus.
Two recent studies, one suggesting a possible link between influenza (“flu”), during pregnancy and autism, and the other showing an increased risk of fetal death during pregnancy in women with influenza. In the first study, “Mother’s wiho reported having influenza during pregnancy were twice as likely to have a child who developed autism as those who did not report having influenza.” Those women who had a fever lasting a week or more during their first eight months of pregnancy were three times more likely to have a child with autism. In the second study, risk of fetal death was nearly double in women who had influenza during pregnancy.
The Wall Street Journal reports “that according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, pregnant women should receive the pertussis vaccine during pregnancy (to prevent whooping cough)”. By vaccinating during pregnancy, mothers will produce antibodies against pertussis that are passed on to the infants before they are born.
Immunizations are an important achievement in health care. There is overwhelming evidence of declining rates of vaccine-preventable diseases and virtual elimination of viral illnesses such as polio in the United States. According to the National Immunization Survey, more than 90% of children in 2009 received most recommended vaccines.
There is growing concern about the safety of vaccines, and as such, we are seeing an increase in vaccine-preventable diseases. Pertussis is at an all time high this year. We are currently facing one of the toughest influenza seasons on record.
We highly encourage all infants, children, and adolescents to be immunized with all the recommended vaccines and remain current and up to date in their immunization schedule.
Submitted by Vona Lantz, CPNP